[1]刘铁梁.村庄记忆——民俗学参与文化发展的一种学术路径[J].温州大学学报(社会科学版),2013,26(05):003-12.
 LIU Tieliang.Memory of Villages —— An Academic Path of Folklore’s Participation in Cultural Development[J].Journal of Wenzhou University,2013,26(05):003-12.
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村庄记忆——民俗学参与文化发展的一种学术路径
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《温州大学学报》(社会科学版)[ISSN:1674-3555/CN:33-1345/C]

卷:
第26卷
期数:
2013年05期
页码:
003-12
栏目:
民俗学与非物质文化遗产研究
出版日期:
2013-09-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Memory of Villages —— An Academic Path of Folklore’s Participation in Cultural Development
作者:
刘铁梁
1. 山东大学文化遗产研究院,山东济南 250100;
2. 北京师范大学文学院民俗学与文化 人类学研究所,北京 100875
Author(s):
LIU Tieliang
1. Institute of Cultural Heritage, Shandong University, Ji’nan, China 250100;
2. Institute of Folklore and Cultural Anthropology of School of Chinese Language and Literature, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China 100875
关键词:
村庄记忆民俗学文化发展乡村旅游
Keywords:
Memory of Village Folklore Cultural Development Rural Tourism
分类号:
C913?31
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
中国农村的社会变革目前大体有两种趋势:一是村民离开了家乡和土地,造成村庄的消失或者空心化;二是村民从事市场环境下的农、工、商和旅游等行业,促使村庄利用土地升值的红利进行公司化体制的转型。农村千百年来形成的社会情感纽带和生活文化传统正面临断裂的可能,因此当前有很多村庄在文化发展中都十分重视关于村史与个人生活史的记述,体现出一种自下而上的文化自觉精神。民俗学作为感受生活的学问,应该通过实地访谈等交流方式,参与、促进和强化这种“村庄记忆”的文化实践。我们还发现,这种文化实践将有可能与乡村旅游业的发展互相促进并持续下去,从而给整个社会带来积极的情感力量,这也要求旅游业必须承担起加强城乡文化交流的责任。
Abstract:
The present rural China shows two tendencies of social change. One is that villagers leave their hometowns and land, leading to the disappearance or hollow phenomenon of villages, the other is that villagers work in agriculture, industry, and tourism in the market environment, forcing villages to become companies by making use of land appreciation dividend. The countryside is faced with the possibility of the breaking of socio-cultural ties and life and cultural tradition formed through hundreds of thousands of years, and consequently at present many villages attach high importance to the recording of the histories of villages and individuals in their cultural development, reflecting a kind of bottom-up spirit of cultural self-consciousness. Being a discipline of sensing life, Folklore should participate in, promote, and strengthen this kind of cultural practice characteristic of “village memory” through such communicative ways as field interviews, and so on. It is discovered that this kind of cultural practice is likely to mutually promote the development of rural tourism and this mutual promotion will move on, thereby bringing positive strength of emotion to the whole society, and this in turn requires tourism to shoulder the responsibility of strengthening cultural exchange between rural and urban areas.

参考文献/References:

[1] 刘铁梁. 劳作模式与村落认同: 以北京房山农村为案例[J]. 民俗研究, 2013, (3): 40-46.
[2] 刘铁梁. 村落: 民俗传承的生活空间[J]. 北京师范大学学报: 社会科学版, 1996, (6): 42-48.
[3] 王东林. 旅游与文化相促进 旅游应给人精神的满足[J]. 北京旅游研究与信息, 2013, (2): 34-35.

相似文献/References:

[1]爱略特?奥林,张 茜(译),张举文(校).民或俗?二分法的代价[J].温州大学学报(社会科学版),2013,26(03):001.
 Oring Elliott,ZHANG Qian(transl),AHANG Juwen(rev).Folk or Lore? The Stake in Dichotomies[J].Journal of Wenzhou University,2013,26(05):001.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2013-02-26
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(11BG075)
作者简介:刘铁梁(1946- ),男,辽宁绥中人,教授,硕士,研究方向:民俗学与城乡民俗志
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-09-25