[1]黄正柏.联邦德国1960 – 80年代的学生运动和“公民行动”[J].温州大学学报(社会科学版),2013,26(06):055-61.
 HUANG Zhengbai.The Student Movement and the Citizen’s Initiatives in FRG during 1960-80’s[J].Journal of Wenzhou University,2013,26(06):055-61.
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联邦德国1960 – 80年代的学生运动和“公民行动”
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《温州大学学报》(社会科学版)[ISSN:1674-3555/CN:33-1345/C]

卷:
第26卷
期数:
2013年06期
页码:
055-61
栏目:
世界史研究
出版日期:
2013-11-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Student Movement and the Citizen’s Initiatives in FRG during 1960-80’s
作者:
黄正柏
华中师范大学历史文化学院,黄正柏 325035
Author(s):
HUANG Zhengbai
School of history and cultural studies, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, China 430079
关键词:
联邦德国1960 – 80年代学生运动“公民行动”
Keywords:
Federal Republic of Germany 1960-80’s Student movement Citizen’s initiatives
分类号:
K516.5
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
20世纪60年代中期,联邦德国学生运动爆发,运动的目标是“民主化”,在政府压制下,运动走入低潮。随后的70年代“公民行动”勃兴。“公民行动”起初主要是关注环境等关系居民切身利益的问题,但很快提出了政治与社会变革的要求。70年代末80年代初,反核和平运动使“公民行动”进入一个高峰。学生运动促进了激进民主思潮的传播及文化和政治批判潜力的进步。“公民行动”则使一个新的以“绿色”命名的政党形成并促使传统政党“绿化”;改变了以经济增长为唯一目标的发展理念,实现“绿色”的可持续发展;其中的反核和平运动则制约了80年代初的东西方冷战,促进东西方重新走上谈判与缓和之路。
Abstract:
In the mid and late 1960’s the Federal Republic of Germany experienced a student movement calling for “democratization” and other reforms as goals. The movement, as a mixture of different ideas and factions, faded away before long. In the 1970-80’s the Citizen’s Initiatives boomed, which focused on the environmental and other concerns of citizens’ daily life at first, then shifted to a number of political and social reforms. In the late 1970’s and early 1980’s the citizen’s initiatives and the anti-nuclear pacifist movement converged. While the student movement forced the transmission of the radical democratic ideas and the progress of the potential of political criticism, the citizen’s initiatives made the “Green Party”come on the scene and the traditional parties “green”, changed the development ideas taking economic growth as the unique goal, realized the sustainable “green” development, constrained the cold war in the early 1980s, and motivated the East and the West to return to track of negotiation and mitigation.

参考文献/References:

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[2] Smith G, William E. Developments in West German Politics [M]. London: Macmillian Education Ltd, 1989: 79-80.
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[6] 苏姗?米勒, 海因里希?波特霍夫. 德国社会民主党简史: 1848 – 1983 [M]. 刘敬钦, 李进军, 解健真, 等, 译. 北京: 求实出版社, 1984: 249.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2012-12-10
基金项目:中国德国史研究会全国协作项目
作者简介:黄正柏(1949- ),男,湖北汉川人,教授,研究方向:世界现代史,现代国际关系史
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-11-25