[1]刘合波.和平掮客:1967年六日战争后约翰逊政府的中东政策[J].温州大学学报(社会科学版),2013,26(06):062-70.
 LIU Hebo.Peace Broker:Johnson Administration’s Policy toward the Middle East after the Six-day War in1967[J].Journal of Wenzhou University,2013,26(06):062-70.
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和平掮客:1967年六日战争后约翰逊政府的中东政策
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《温州大学学报》(社会科学版)[ISSN:1674-3555/CN:33-1345/C]

卷:
第26卷
期数:
2013年06期
页码:
062-70
栏目:
世界史研究
出版日期:
2013-11-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Peace Broker:Johnson Administration’s Policy toward the Middle East after the Six-day War in1967
作者:
刘合波
曲阜师范大学历史文化学院,山东曲阜 273165
Author(s):
LIU Hebo
School of History and Culture, Qufu Normal University, Qufu, China 273165
关键词:
六日战争中东约翰逊政府安理会242号决议
Keywords:
Six-day War Middle East Johnson Administration Even-handed Balance United Nations Security Council Resolution 242
分类号:
K712.54
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
在阿以争端中担当调停人,以获得阿以双方的好感、削弱苏联在中东的影响,是美国自杜鲁门政府以来的基本政策取向。1967年六日战争结束后,约翰逊政府在应对阿以争端中所采取的平衡政策,也是美国传统外交政策的反映。为此,美国积极促动与苏联在解决阿以问题上的合作,推动安理会242号决议的通过。而对阿以双方,约翰逊政府则采取了拉拢约旦、与埃及保持联系及对以色列进行规制等措施,试图构建美国对阿以的对等平衡政策。然而,由于美苏争夺等因素的制约,美国这一时期的平衡政策最终以失败告终。
Abstract:
It had been America’s policy orientation since Truman administration to play the role of mediator in Arab-Israeli disputes. After Six-day War in 1967, Johnson Administration attempted to adapt balancing policy in dealing with Arab-Israeli dispute, which reflected America’s traditional foreign policy toward the Middle East. In order to achieve the goal, the US actively motivated the cooperation with USSR in settling the Arab-Israeli disputes and pushed UNSC Resolution 242 through. As far as American foreign policies toward Arab and Israel were concerned, Johnson Administration adapted various measures including wooing Jordan, conciliating Egypt and regulating Israel, for the sake of building the even-handed policy in the Middle East. Nevertheless, America’s even-handed balancing policy culminated in failure during the last period of Johnson Administration because of the constraint of such factors as cold war between US and USSR, etc.

参考文献/References:

[1] Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Israel’s Foreign Relations Selected Documents, Volumes 1-2: 1947-1974, XI. The Six-Day War, No. 28-30 [EB/OL].
[2012-11-1]. http://mfa.gov.il/MFA/ForeignPolicy/MFADocuments/Yearbook1/Pages/ TABLE%20OF%20CONTENTS.aspx.
[2] Stein K. Heroic Diplomacy: Sadat, Kissinger, Carter, Begin, and the Quest for Arab-Israeli Peace [M]. New York: Routledge, 1999: 54.
[3] Quandt W B. Peace Process: American Diplomacy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict Since 1967 [M]. Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2001: 46.
[4] the State Department’s Office of the Historian. Arab-Israeli Crisis and War, 1967 [C] // the State Department’s Office of the Historian. FRUS, 1964-1968, Vol. XIX. Washington D.C: United States Government Printing Office, 2004.
[5] Korn D A. Stalemate: The War of Attrition and Great Power Diplomacy in the Middle East, 1967 – 1970 [M]. Boulder: Westview Press, 1992: 1.
[6] United States Department of State. The Quest for Peace: Principal United States Public Statements and Related Documents on the Arab-Israeli Peace Process(1967-1983) [M]. Washington D. C: Government Printing Office, 1984.
[7] United Nations, Security Council. 1382nd Meeting: 22 November 1967 [EB/OL].
[2012-11-1]. http://documents -dds-ny.un. org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/NL6/ 700/05/pdf/ NL670005.pdf?OpenElement.
[8] United Nations Security Council. Document S/10070 [EB/OL].
[2012-11-1]. http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/ UNDOC/GEN/N71 /000/12/pdf/ N7100012.pdf?OpenElement.
[9] the State Department’s Office of the Historian. Arab-Israeli Dispute 1967-1968 [C] // the State Department’s Office of the Historian. FRUS, 1964-1968, Vol.XX. Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 2001.
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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2012-12-10
基金项目:曲阜师范大学校青年基金(XJ201229);曲阜师范大学博士科研启动基金(BSQD20110106)
作者简介:刘合波(1973- ),男,山东新泰人,讲师,博士,研究方向:国际关系史,美国外交史
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-11-25