[1]陈树文,曹阳阳.民办养老机构发展困境研究 —— 基于外部性视角[J].温州大学学报(社会科学版),2016,(04):106-111.
 CHEN Shuwen,CAO Yangyang.The Study on Development Dilemma of Private Pension Institutions —— Based on the Perspective of Externality[J].Journal of Wenzhou University,2016,(04):106-111.
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民办养老机构发展困境研究 —— 基于外部性视角
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《温州大学学报》(社会科学版)[ISSN:1674-3555/CN:33-1345/C]

卷:
期数:
2016年04期
页码:
106-111
栏目:
管理学
出版日期:
2016-07-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Study on Development Dilemma of Private Pension Institutions —— Based on the Perspective of Externality
作者:
陈树文曹阳阳
大连理工大学人文与社会科学部,辽宁大连 116024
Author(s):
CHEN Shuwen CAO Yangyang
Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China 116024
关键词:
民办养老机构外部性柯布-道格拉斯生产函数
Keywords:
Private-run Pension Institution Externality Cobb - Douglas Production Function
分类号:
C913.7
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
随着老年人口的快速增长和社会对养老服务需求的不断增加,民办养老机构的发展越来越具有现实必要性。民办养老机构具有经营灵活等优势,也面临利润低、人才缺乏等发展困境,原因在于养老服务的准公共品属性及其所产生的外部性问题。运用柯布-道格拉斯生产函数进行分析,发现考虑外部性时,护理人员的工资和资本的收益低于社会最优水平,养老服务购买者愿意支付的价格低于社会最优价格,社会能够享受到的养老服务的数量必然小于社会最优数量。对此,应采取政府对购买养老服务者进行补助、创新发展机制、营造公平的市场竞争环境和构建养老护理员职业晋
Abstract:
The development dilemma of private pension institutions in China is discussed and analyzed in this paper. With the rapid growth of aging population and the increasing demand for old-age services, the development of private pension institutions is becoming more and more necessary. Private pension agency has the advantages like flexible operation and management, however it is also faced with many development dilemma such as lower profit and shortage of employees owing to its attribute of quasi-public goods for old-age services and along with the external problems. Taking Cobb-Douglas production function as the analysis method, it is exposed that the salary of nursing staff and capital profit is lower than the social optimal level when the externality is concerned. Meanwhile, the price of elderly service buyers willing to pay is lower than the social optimal price, which results in the number of elderly pension service the community can enjoy is less than the socially optimal number. Withal, the government have to make measures to offer the elderly who buy pension service enough subsidies, innovate the development mechanism, create a fair market competition environment and constructing the endowment nurse career advancement channels such as measures to promote private pension institutions on the track of healthy development.

参考文献/References:

[1] 中国老龄科学研究中心. 中国养老机构发展研究报告[N].安徽日报. 2015-06-17(3).
[2] 徐祖荣. 民办养老机构发展的问题表达与策略选择: 基于杭州的经验[J]. 武汉科技大学学报(社会科学版), 2014(3): 304.
[3] 胡石清, 乌家培. 外部性的本质与分类[J]. 当代财经, 2011(10): 5.
[4] Phelps Brown E H.The meaning of the fitted Cobb-Douglas function[J]. Quarterly. Journal of Economics, 1957(4): 547.
[5] 马庆堃, 魏彦彦. 浙江省民办养老机构的发展困境与对策[J]. 中国老年学杂志, 2014(23): 6846.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2015-12-18
基金项目:辽宁省哲学社会科学规划基金项目(L10DSH018)
作者简介:陈树文(1955- ),男,辽宁桓仁人,教授,博士,研究方向:社会保障与人力资源
更新日期/Last Update: 2016-07-25