[1]赖丹琪.从空间向度审视奥威尔《一九八四》中的身体规训机制[J].温州大学学报(社会科学版),2018,(05):098-103.
 LAI Danqi.On Mechanism of Body Discipline in George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four from Spatial Dimension[J].Journal of Wenzhou University,2018,(05):098-103.
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从空间向度审视奥威尔《一九八四》中的身体规训机制
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《温州大学学报》(社会科学版)[ISSN:1674-3555/CN:33-1345/C]

卷:
期数:
2018年05期
页码:
098-103
栏目:
外国文学研究
出版日期:
2018-09-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
On Mechanism of Body Discipline in George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four from Spatial Dimension
作者:
赖丹琪
浙江大学人文学院比较文学与世界文学研究所,浙江杭州 310007
Author(s):
LAI Danqi
Institute of World Literature & Comparative Literature, School of Humanities, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou China 310007
关键词:
奥威尔《一九八四》规训“全景敞视”空间身体
Keywords:
George Orwell Nineteen Eighty-Four Discipline “Panoptic Space” Body
分类号:
I712.246
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
福柯认为空间是权力运作的基础,其权力规训理论中包含了空间、身体、规训三者的相互作用。奥威尔的《一九八四》成书早于《规训与惩罚》,却以具象的形式极端化地呈现了福柯意义上的身体规训机制。“大洋国”中的“全景敞视”空间从物质空间过渡到心理、思想空间,从而使权力自动化。通过规定身体所处的空间并对之进行规训,权力得以控制身体来囚禁灵魂。温斯顿对权力的反叛也是通过身体逃离空间的约束而进行的。然而,小说反乌托邦式的结局深刻地揭示:权力规训机制实质是经由身体的规训控制思想空间,肉体的被规训与征服只是表象。
Abstract:
It is figured out by Michel Foucault that space is the foundation of the power operation and his theory of power regulatory includes the interaction of space, body and discipline. George Orwell’s 1984, written before Discipline and Punish, represents the mechanism of the body discipline in a concrete and extreme way of Michel Foucault. The panoptic space in “Oceania” transforms physical space to the space of mentality and ideology and thus enables the power to function automatically. The power manages to control the body in order to imprison the soul by means of the regulation and discipline of the body in space. While Winston’s resistance against the power is also realized by the body’s escaping from the restraint of the space. Nevertheless, the dystopian ending of the novel deeply reveals that the essence of the genealogy disciplinary mechanism is the dominance of ideological space via the discipline of body while the submission of the human body is only the appearance.

参考文献/References:

[1] 爱德华?W?索杰. 第三空间:去往洛杉矶和其他真实和想象地方的旅程[M]. 陆扬,刘佳林,朱志荣,等,译. 上海:上海教育出版社,2005.
[2] 詹明信,张旭东. 晚期资本主义的文化逻辑[M]. 陈清侨,译. 北京:生活?读书?新知三联书店,1997:420-515.
[3] 米歇尔?福柯. 规训与惩罚[M]. 刘北成,杨远婴,译. 北京:生活?读书?新知三联书店,1999.
[4] 乔治?奥威尔. 一九八四[M]. 董乐山,译. 上海:上海译文出版社,2006.
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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-04-25
作者简介:赖丹琪(1988- ),女,浙江常山人,博士研究生,研究方向:欧美文学
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-09-25