[1]许学民,黄玫玮.清代至民国时期温州传统衣橱铜面叶研究[J].温州大学学报(社会科学版),2019,(05):040-47.
 XU Xuemin,HUANG Meiwei.Study of Copper Handles of Wenzhou’s Traditional Wardrobes from the Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China Era[J].Journal of Wenzhou University,2019,(05):040-47.
点击复制

清代至民国时期温州传统衣橱铜面叶研究
分享到:

《温州大学学报》(社会科学版)[ISSN:1674-3555/CN:33-1345/C]

卷:
期数:
2019年05期
页码:
040-47
栏目:
艺术文化的传承与发展
出版日期:
2019-09-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Study of Copper Handles of Wenzhou’s Traditional Wardrobes from the Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China Era
作者:
许学民1黄玫玮2
1.温州大学瓯江学院,浙江温州 325035;2.温州大学美术与设计学院,浙江温州 325035
Author(s):
XU Xuemin1 HUANG Meiwei2
1. Oujiang College, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou, China 325035; 2. College of Fine Arts and Design, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou, China 325035
关键词:
传统衣橱铜面叶纹饰
Keywords:
Traditional Wardrobes Copper Handles Ornaments
分类号:
J314.4
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
清代至民国时期,传统衣橱在温州民间使用极为普遍,衣橱门面板上的铜面叶占据了门面板较大的面积,处于视觉中心,极富装饰性,是温州传统家具铜皮中最具代表性的铜饰件。铜面叶种类丰富、形状多样,注重形式感与整体气韵的表达。各种铜面叶上均錾刻有精美而复杂的纹饰,其中的戏曲人物、花鸟瑞兽到几何图案,生动地呈现了当时的民俗趣味。铜面叶采用当地出产的黄铜板或铜板镀镍制作,通过形态各异的凿刀的划、凿、錾、刻,再经大小不同的锉刀打磨修正,形成了融划线、定型、錾花、錾底、锤和、镂空、裱绸等多种工艺手法于一身的华丽精美的家具铜饰件,为凝重沉稳的温州传统民间衣橱增添了一份细节美和亮丽的质感美。
Abstract:
From the Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China era, traditional wardrobes were widely used in Wenzhou. In the door planks of the wardrobes there were copper handles that occupied a relatively huge area and became the visual focus. They were decorative and were the most typical copper ornament of Wenzhou’s traditional copper-coated furniture. Copper handles have various types and shapes, which lay emphasis on the representations of forms and spirits. Their patterns vary from Chinese opera characters, flowers and animals to geometry designs, through which the folk custom are vividly presented. The copper handles are made of local produced copper sheet or nickel plating copper, crafted with chisels of various shapes, and polished by files of different sizes. In this way, those elegant copper furniture ornaments combine diversified craft techniques including lineation, sizing, patterning, texture carving, hammering joint, hollowing, silk underlying and so on, and add the beauty of details and textures to the dignified Wenzhou’s traditional folk furniture.

参考文献/References:

[1] 黄玫玮,许学民.温州传统家具研究[M].杭州:浙江工商大学出版社,2014:135-136.
[2] 胡春生,胡骅.温州花板铜皮[M].杭州:浙江摄影出版社,2008.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-01-20
基金项目:2016年度教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(16YJA760009)
作者简介:许学民(1973- ),男,辽宁锦州人,讲师,硕士,研究方向:中国传统家具
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-09-25