[1]王 辉.试从“临界点”角度考察戏文与传奇的界定问题[J].温州大学学报(社会科学版),2020,(05):020-27.
 WANG Hui.On the Division of Xiwen and Chuanqi from the Perspective of “Critical Point”[J].Journal of Wenzhou University,2020,(05):020-27.
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试从“临界点”角度考察戏文与传奇的界定问题
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《温州大学学报》(社会科学版)[ISSN:1674-3555/CN:33-1345/C]

卷:
期数:
2020年05期
页码:
020-27
栏目:
南戏研究专题
出版日期:
2020-09-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
On the Division of Xiwen and Chuanqi from the Perspective of “Critical Point”
作者:
王 辉
复旦大学中国古代文学研究中心,上海 200433
Author(s):
WANG Hui
The Research Center for Chinese Ancient Literature, Fudan University, Shanghai, China 200433
关键词:
临界点戏文传奇界定
Keywords:
Critical Point Xiwen Chuanqi Definition
分类号:
I207.37
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
戏文与传奇界定的难点,主要集中于明初至嘉靖中叶一百七十余年这一过渡期如何分界上。在这一过渡期,戏文与传奇的演进是剧本体制各因素此消彼长、不断文人化、规范化的过程,其中文学性相关因素(如语言、曲律、情节、结构等)的规范化更具代表性与说服力。若找到这些因素消长与规范的“临界点”,那么这一问题便可得到较为满意的解答。剧本体制各因素的规范化并非同步进行的,其中以文人最擅长、最易入手的相关因素(语言、曲律)率先完成规范化,而其它因素规范化则相对较晚。其中,文词派的代表郑若庸、陆采的剧作是关键节点。为此,戏文与传奇当以明正德至嘉靖前期(1506 - 1536)为分界期,而具体的分界点当以嘉靖十四年(1535)前后为准。
Abstract:
The difficulties in dividing xiwen (a classical local opera of Wenzhou in Zhejiang Province) and chuanqi (a tale of marvels) mainly lie in how to divide the transitional period of more than 170 years between the early Ming Dynasty and the middle Jiajing period. During the transitional period, the evolution of xiwen and chuanqi is a process in which various factors in the script system went through shifts, civilization and standardization, among which the standardization of factors related to literariness (such as language, tone, plot, structure, etc) is the most representative and persuasive. If the “critical point” of the shifts and standardization of these factors are found, the difficulties in the division can be removed. The various factors in the script system are not standardized synchronously. Instead, factors that literati were good at and were easiest to start with such as language and tone were the first to complete the standardization, followed by other factors. Plays by Zheng Ruoyong and Lu Cai, representatives of the Chinese Wenci School, are the key nodes. For this reason, the demarcation period for xiwen and chuanqi should be from the Zhengde period to early Jiajing period (1506 - 1536), and the critical point should be around the 14th year during the reign of Empror Jiajing (1535).

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-12-17
作者简介:王辉(1984- ),男,山西运城人,博士研究生,研究方向:文学地理学,明清小说戏曲
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-09-25